Category Archives: Video Editing

Montage pour la présentation de John Fogerty

John Fogerty Fan Club

John FogertyWe had the pleasure of working for the John Fogerty Fan Club de John Fogerty in France – for those connoisseurs who know just exactly what bits to choose.

This is a good example of having an editor to work for you – the editor deals with the technicalities, you make the choices. And we help you with those choices – one way is to send you a dvd with a timecode – and then you can make the edit choices and we execute them for you.

Another way is to work on style – you send or bring us your material and with a few indications and we do the edits.

Even if you view the dvd before editing – you can still leave us carte blanche – We always validate the final version with you before final payment or duplication.

Digital transfer of vinyle audio and tapes

We edit your recorded films

If you are not sure what is on your tapes or films, if you need them in particular order but cannot watch them prior to transfer, digitize them and watch them first on DVD. We then edit your recorded films.

People often ask us:

“I don’t know what’s on my films and tapes I would like to put them onto DVD but I don’t know whether they are good quality or in what order”

We have the solution! In general people know that the tape or film is of reasonable value, but they have not been able to view them for a long while.

We offer a transfer and edit pack which allows us to record your films onto DVD or key in a random order and then provide you with the DVD or key for review and edit the order afterwards based on your recommendations.

We add a time-code to your films to enable you to give us precise instructions

And we can add titles to label the film identification number:

You choose and detail an order to put them into and we do the rest.

Nous retenons tout enregistrement pendant 15 jours suite à la numérisation. Pour un projet plus conséquent il suffit de nous en informer au préalable afin de garder votre projet en mémoire.

Le montage lui même, pour corriger votre premier enregistrement, est calculé sur devis selon la complexité, mais s’il s’agit de quelques coupures simples, le coût peut être moins d’une heure de montage.

We edit your recorded films

You want to transfer your tapes or film reels to digital but you don’t know exactly what they contain since you have not been able to play them for a long time. Unfortunately, we do not offer the possibility of viewing the contents of your tapes or reels prior to transfer. However, we do offer you a complete service option where we transfer to digital and include editing.

Why would you want to do this? Your films are of a certain age, you do not know exactly what they contain but you would like to have a final result which is fluid and succinct, free of superfluous image. You may have a precise objective for your films such as focusing on particular people or themes.

How can you go about this?

While we do not offer the possibility of reviewing your films prior to transfer, we do offer the possibility of transferring them and providing you with an initial digital copy on DVD, USB key, hard drive or on YouTube in order to review the contents of the transfer. If you do not wish to edit in any way, then you already have the final results and you keep the media provided.

Note the sequences to keep or remove

You would like to modify your films once recorded.

Simply note the sequences o keep or remove in the table provided.

Change the sequence order

In another example where your tapes or reels were all mixed up, the beginning might be at the end and vice versa. This type of table enables you to tell us the required order of the sequences.

  1. Review the recorded material
  2. We record your tapes or reels
  3. We export the recording to DVD, key, hard disk or You Tube
  4. Watch the recordings and decide what you want to keep or delete
  5. Complete the table ‘keep or cut’
  6. Return the table to us and we make the required changes
  7. Review the recordings and decide if the changes are sufficient
  8. Repeat if necessary

OLD FILMS ARE NOT ALWAYS PERFECT

Why edit your films and what sort of sequences can you take out?

You might well discover that the camcorder was left on but unattended, thus filming the inside of a handbag, the wall or the floor. These are the most obvious types of sequences to remove.

Recordings are not in chronological order. You were not able to identify dates or locations prior to recording. On watching your film, you notice that sequences are not in chronological order. You decide that you would like to have them in chronological order
You find the film too long and / or you would like to focus on certain people, scenes, locations or events. Perhaps there are certain sequences that do not interest you at all and would simply like to exclude them. So as you watch the film you note the time-code of the sequences that you would like to remove.

Perhaps you would like to edit according to a theme, for example just focus on Grandad.

The film is too long. Perhaps you have recorded all of your holidays over a ten-year period which might give you perhaps 10 or 15 hours of film. Sometimes not much happens. A barbecue goes on and on, people are at the beach, there is a party. A good resume of a film mentions the significant people once or twice for only relatively short periods of time. More than that may get boring, be unnecessary. An edited film is a final product. A transferred film is raw material.

Another way of working

SIMPLY SET US AN OBJECTIVE

Specifying sequences to cut and retain is one way of working. But you could give us a certain number of indications and we will do the rest such as … NB: Alternative methods exist to edit your films. It is possible for us to work together where you identify simply the people that you would like to remove or keep, or say remove all the scenes where there are no people at all. We can identify the people concerned as we go through the film. Most often customers wish to focus on people in particular.

Keep some or all of the film with Granddad but remove all the film where there are no people or where there is just background scenery.

Take out all of the sequences where nothing in particular has been filmed, the floor, the ceiling or the film is just not aesthetically pleasing …

So you could simply just give us an objective. If we were to produce a one-hour film down to 15 minutes, just give us your feelings about the film, what you like and what you don’t like and we will do the rest … Of course we will give you a first draft edited version and will retain all the cut sequences so that you can change your mind.

You will already have viewed the raw footage. This is a first draft version. You then view the draft version and let us know how you feel about it, whether we have taken out too much, whether you would like certain things put back in or adjusted.

After a second corrective edit you review the film on DVD, key, hard disk or on YouTube.

We hope that this will enable you to approve a final version which we edit on the format of your choice.

What is the cost of this exercise?

A FIXED COST BASED ON AN INITIAL QUOTATION

We always work based on an initial quotation which establishes a total cost for your project. Sometimes we can simply calculate the number of cuts or reorder operations.

But projects may vary enormously, especially if we work based on your guidelines rather than a predetermined number of cuts. In this case we calculate our quotation based on the time we expect to take and an hourly rate. Once the quotation established and signed, the project price is fixed and we will charge you no more than originally agreed.

For this reason, we spend quite a little time with you understanding your requirements to make sure that we best understand how you want your film edited.

See also

Souvenir edit for a funeral

Video editing with Final Cut Pro X

Transfer your memories to digital

Transfer your memories to digital.

Even in this age of digital photos and videos there are still family archives in the loft which have not been seen for a long time. Don’t throw them away, have them transferred to digital so that you can see them once again on a computer, DVD reader, electronic frame or telephone. You could also share them with your family and your friends.

And it is possible to correct them.

If your paper photos or slides have lost a little color, we can correct them. If your videos are too long, they can be edited, reduced down to a more palatable length, combined with other media and transferred to You Tube or Facebook to be shared with your friends and family. Anything is possible in digital.

Souvenir Editing

COMPILATIONS OF YOUR SOUVENIRS

Event Editing

Souvenir family editing is about retaining really what is important whether it be the places visited, the people or events. Often it is about summarizing camcorder recordings which were often very long.

Ask us about reduction editing to summarize years of film in just one hour therefore adding value to your film and presenting it as something much more enjoyable. Offer a souvenir edit to your family or friends as a birthday present.

Event editing may be about editing film relating to events which may last anything from two hours to 2 days. Such an edit may be about summarizing but also creating interest. Typically by using different angles from different cameras.

Here are a few examples of event edits such as a musical, theater productions and street animation.

Our editing services allow several people to film your event and take the hassle out of the editing which can often be a long and detailed process.

Below are a couple of examples of our work, the first a documentary lasting an hour taken from twenty hours of film, a simple capture of an event and thirdly a digital CV for a local actress.

Remise des prix Reporter et Citoyen

Esperance de Vie – film semi-documentaire

Vanessa MARILLIER Archives théâtre 1998 2008

Souvenir edits

Souvenir Event Editing

Edits of past and future events

Are you expecting to organize a party, event, get married, a baptism or communion or other special event which lasts a long time. You would like to create a souvenir edit which does justice to the original event. We offer you to reduce up to 10 hours of film in a one-hour summary edit. All you need to do is give us the recorded film and we take care of the rest.

Forgotten to hire a cameraman?

Several people can film

It is best if several people film the event, so that’s not only Is it possible to choose the best shot the scene, Several versions of the same scene allow us to improve the edits by showing multiple angles

THE EDITING PROCESS

You allow us to edit your films. We initially produce a series of DVDs with the whole film on it which allows us to spend some time together to identify the important moments and people present.

A draft version on DVD

At the end of the editing we produce a final DVD for you to Check and then make any changes necessary prior to the final version.

Delivery of your edit

We deliver the final edits to you on DVD, USB, hard disk in as many copies and in the format that you wish or online.

The price of a souvenir event edit

The price of a souvenir event edit is always agreed upfront. It generally depends on the time that we expect to spend on it which is generally based on the length and number of original films, the length objective of the final edit since the more we take out, the more carefully choices need to be made. We always try to maintain reasonable prices.

Choices of style

Over and above the style of the main edit, you will be asked to choose Various options for the DVD menu, chapter marks And the style of music that might be used when covering dialogue, the style of transitions and other aesthetic elements.

Reduction editing

Reduction Editing – ten hours of film summarized in an hour

Summarize ten hours of film in less than one hour

MAKE 10 HOURS OF FILM INTO 1 HOUR

Reduction editing is about reducing perhaps 10 hours of film to one hour or less. Watching ten hours of film is of course possible, but it is nice to have a shorter version that can be watched easily.

Reduction editing is about time-slicing to remove the poorer quality source and reduce the length of scenes. Often it is a question of focusing on people, not leaving anyone out, without slash and burn, taking care to maintain a coherent and agreeable film to watch. It might be about keeping each place visited on holday, but reducing the time spent in each.

It might also be about making more dynamic souvenir: the shot of the church may only need 7 seconds, not 3 minutes. We determine together the approach that you would like to take.

Domain and scope of reduction editing

EDITING MAGNETIC FILM SOURCES

Reduction editing is often appropriate subsequent to transfer, particularly of magnetic tapes often filmed long such as VHS, Hi8 and DV since these are formats where people often filmed long sequences. Perhaps you filmed the whole of Christmas, the birth of your eldest, family meals which lasted a long time, the wedding and party which lasted two days.

Reduction editing is a way of creating a valuable souvenir of an event, of your holidays, sometimes even summaries of whole lives.

It is possible to edit based not only on long sources but also using multiple sources such as mixing DV, VHS and Hi8 sources together or where different people have filmed the same event on different cameras.

Differences with other types of edit

REDUCTION AND NOT COMPILATION

Reduction editing is about reducing long source to a shorter final edit (between 1 and 60 minutes)

Reduction editing is not a photo montage (stringing photos together) which is about assembling and possibly animating photos, adding music and sometimes text commentary as subtitles.

Reduction editing is not a compilation edit which is about stringing together video. For instance we worked for the John Fogerty fan club in order to assemble choice recordings from the artist?s long career and to create theme DVDs based on fan knowledge.

Reduction editing is 2D not 3D For us, a reduction edit is about working on the content, doing a linear edit and not about special effects. A reduction edit for us is about working on the content

Possible themes for a reduction edit

EDITING FOR WEDDINGS, BAPTISMS OR THEATER

A reduction edit can easily be used as a technique for editing recordings of events such as wedding, baptism or a play.

Editing recording of plays

Editing for the recording of a play is not strictly a reduction edit. The default approach to editing a theater recording is generally to retain the full length and swop between best multi-cam shots. But there are still choices to be made as to which is the best shot to retain.
However, a reduction edit may be used to create a teezer or summary of the play.

Edits for weddings

A wedding edit is a typical reduction edit because it may last up to two days including the religious service, the town hall, the meal and party afterwards and possibly people may come back the next day. The final result is much shorter, generally in the ratio 10 to 1. The most appropriate edit for a wedding is generally to create a one hour souvenir edit to create a great souvenir of your wedding. The final result is a summary or souvenir edit.

Editing your baptism film

A baptism edit may often just be the religious service but there may also be a meal and a party afterwards A reduction edit is a good solution because there may well be many hours of tape which can be reduced to a great one hour souvenir. If there is a party too, a reduction edit may be required (souvenir 1 hr)

Souvenir, Summary or Teezer

DIFFERENT TYPES OF REDUCTION EDIT

Film editing

Film editing is similar to reduction editing because you may have a lot of rush and you end up throwing much away. The difference however is that a film is filmed on purpose, shots are planned.

However the difference between a typical reduction edit and film editing is that the target of reduction editing is to edit à posteriori, when the film exists already and we want to make it watchable.

You film we edit

You can film your event even with several cameras and allow us to do the editing if you can?t or don?t want to do the reduction edit yourself. You can provide us with multiple long tapes or digital source and we will do the reduction editing for you.

The Teezer (1 minute)

What is the process for a Teezer?

A teaser is created by cutting into scenes, selecting and marking the best bits and cut together into a short film lasting 1 minute.

Where a summary edit aims to retain significant and representative content whereas the teezer can only show flashes and cannot summarise in the same way. A teezer is designed to attract attention, to make the public want to watch the full length film ?

A “real” teezer is filmed intentionally

A teezer after transfer is rare

The souvenir edit (1 hour)
Obviously there are fewer choices involved in one hour souvenir edit than in a ten minute summary edit or teezer. However the objective is not the same. A summary edit aims to compile the best key moments and be representative of the whole story. It is therefore important to retain the best sequences.

A summary edit can be offered as a birthday present We have already built a one hour souvenir edit which summarises eighteen years in one hour based on fifteen hours of tape.

The approach here is really to select the most important moments.

The Summary edit (10 minutes)

Between a Teezer and a Souvenir Edit (1 hour)

If you have ten hours of analogue or digital tape and you would like a summary or souvenir edit, here’s what we will do:

First, we will compile everything into one digital stream or on a series of DVDs and get you to watch it all. We ask you to watch everything, to note all the bits that are important to you and those that are less important. You could note all the important passages on a grid.

Once we have fully understood what you want to achieve, we cut your film on your digital editing platform and then export it for you to watch and comment. It can go back into editing a second or third time depending on your comments, perhaps there are bits left out or it doesn?t hold together.

We then go through your notes together, look at what it important for you and discuss your objectives. We sit down to discuss your objectives and our recommendations.

Once you are happy, the edit will be burnt to DVD, onto You Tube, hard disk or key according to your needs..

The cost

In general the cost of a reduction edit is based on time spent. The greater the reduction factor, the higher the cost because more time is spent making the required choices.

Editing video

Recording and editing video for theater

Editing theater recordings

Recording and editing video for theater

We had the pleasure of recording and editing the following plays

  • Texts by Christian Descamps at the Athena local arts centre
  • 2 plays by a local company les Traiteaux Trinitains,
  • Readings by local poet Charles Lescuyer,
  • Play organised at a local old people’s home in Séné,
  • Tribulations Alcoolisées by l’Association Seconde Souffle and
  • A Portée de Choeur a charitable musical in favour of the homeless.

Image and sound recording

Some of these recordings are done quite simply with single cameras and varying sound quality. For best results, it is advisable to have several cameras ideally one central fixed camera, 2 laterals, one mobile and one on stage.

Recording sound is particularly important and requires microphones on stage linked both to the camera. For best results microphones should also be linked directly to a digital recording system such as a sound card and pc so that for editing you have image and video synchronized and an independent high quality sound source.

Ideally, a place should be recorded with multiple cameras requiring therefore multi-angle editing which enables the editor to choose the best shot and to alternate between angles so that the edit is more interesting to watch.

See also:

Souvenir Event Edit

Editing documentary

Documentary video: the countryside

Editing a documentary

Jean Guillemet talks about the countryside

This is a documentary edited down from 22 hours of recording to 58 minutes and has been shown in three local cinemas – in Josselin, at Locminé and in Grand Champ.
The main personality around whom this film is based, Jean Guillemet, aged 76 conveys his feelings about how society has changed since smallholdings were regrouped, that people started leaving the countryside for the towns, that shops and schools closed and how life although much harder was somehow much simpler.

Jean depicts his vision of relationships between people which were simpler in the past, people were more in direct contact, more open, and insights us to reflect on his maxim “it’s the motivation that counts”.

The story of a personality

The Simple things in life

We followed Jean over the space of 2 years walking over his countryside and local villages, through 2 local gatherings, a visit to a standing stone where he brought together four generations of people, the oldest of whom a lady of 96 years old, and his building of a traditional well on his land, a symbol of how life was simpler in the past.

However, he gives us a glimpse of something of a hard country life where children were required to walk 3 km to school across fields, people lived in sometimes isolated houses, often without electricity or running water and bread had to be fetched from the communal oven where it was baked in the village.

Dependency on Networks

He invites us to ask ourselves whether life is better today having become dependent on electricity and water networks. “We didn’t have any money but we didn’t need it” he says because although we didn’t have very much we didn’t have either the temptations with which we are confronted so often today.

Jean isn’t really suggesting a return to the past but he questions the logic of some of today’s common practices. He reacts with some emotion to potato crops that were burnt just because there were too much. It makes you think about some of the crazy things we do in a world where so many people don’t have enough to eat.

A well known cyclist in his time

His friends describe the physical stamina and strength that he demonstrated as a keen cyclist when he won so many races on a simple bike. He even rode to Germany and Hungary on his bike. He tells us in his enigmatic way that it?s not the bike that counts but the person. They tell us also about the major accident that he had when a car he was repairing collapsed on his head and yet he recovered. It seems that this experience has some kind of spiritual element to it.

Full of life and full of strength, his friends and acquaintances tell us of their friendship and admiration for a man who convinces our solve the power of the will, of desire, perseverance and strength of character. He says “if you really want something, you can do it”

Jean wanted to convey his message to the younger generation. He recognises how life has been made easier in many ways, but reminds us that it hasn’t always been this way, that some people made do, and that despite having little found friendship, joy and happiness through laughter, community and sharing.

An editing project

Understanding the theme

This project was a real challenge for us as in the absence of budget we filmed on all sorts of different cameras including two iPhones and two DV cameras.
Editing was also a challenge to reduce 22 hours of footage filmed without prescription in several locations. But to complete the editing we were obliged to sift through the footage painstakingly, attributing subject and meaning in order to build a sensible time-line.

But without a budget, the work can only be completed if as Jean would say himself ?you can do it if you want to?. Looking back on such a project one can see that the quality of the final product is not perfect. It would be nice to have had access to great cameras and better quality sound recording. But even as it is, Jean invites us to reflect on the quality of life and some of our core values.

For me, some of these themes have been source of much reflection and remain contemporary in an ever-changing world. It is unwise to romantise a past which was physically difficult and lacking comfort but we are certainly invited to think about the present, to analyse today’s society, our values and to distinguish between what is important and what is not.

Lessons for society

Despite this it is difficult to summarize the numerous themes on which Jean touches. Society, ecology, the life force are all present as our friendship, simplicity, the passage of time, the consumer society, industrialisation and progress. But there remains a slight feeling of regret that such country communities broke apart, even if those who left went away in search of better lives.

This film also has a distinctly Breton theme since it describes changes in society and technology which came to Western France much later than it did to the big cities.

And perhaps there is also an invitation to think about the future. How will life change over the next 50 years? What does the future hold for us and how will our values change. Are our relationships improving, are we building bridges in the community or are we going towards a time when people are more and more distant. These are questions for us, our leaders and our teachers; what are the values that we hold dear and want to promote and where will we invest in the development of our society.

Editing theater recordings

Video editing with Final Cut Pro X

Different types of video editing

THERE ARE MANY WAYS TO EDIT VIDEO

Linear Editing

The examples of editing below fall into what we call linear or time-line editing, working with the horizontal time axis, often reducing the overall length, as opposed to layer editing as in Adobe After Effects where you’re dealing with the z axis, from front to back. The objective for us in linear editing is to make video more palatable more digest, shorter yes. We are often dealing with video of not necessarily the best quality, so the minimum is to remove the flagrant errors and best case is to create an interesting short.

The higher the budget, the more time one can take, the better the image, the higher the quality, the better the story-line. But here we are often talking about re-editing amateur film. Embarking on a professional short or feature film is another matter entirely. When film is shot specifically for a montage, scenes can be re-shot. Editing is a different ball game when its shot one-time.

Simple Cutting

Editing digitally transferred Super 8 is different from bespoke editing since the accent on cutting is different. First, the film is generally more valuable as its older and there’s less of it, although the quality of filming may not be so good. The first objective is to cut out the joins between the reels, generally every 3 1/2 minutes and then probably to do some colour correction.

We take out the worst of the transitions following VHS transfer. This becomes bespoke editing when its more than simple cutting. The first pass simple cut may be to remove whole sections so that only say the wedding is retained, remove poor quality or unneeded sections such as snow, the floor, ceiling, inside of a bag or where the film is just unusable for video or sound.

Bespoke editing

We can take any source in any format and put it on a time-line. There can be as many different sources as you like, but generally 4 or 5 is manageable. This enables you to collect multiple recordings of an event and edit them together. But by its nature, bespoke editing means made-to-measure. There are as many types of edit as there are types of event. And the type of edit depends on the amount of film source and the final objective.

One objective of editing is to reduce the overall duration. Say you recorded 10 hours of film, you might want to reduce it down to perhaps 45 minutes. The technique then is about choosing the bits to leave and the bits to remove. Film transferred from analogue tends to be quite long – something to do with the period, people discovering filming and not always of a very high quality. So cutting out the long bits is quite a priority.

Review for editing

We understand that many films have often not been seen for many years. We offer customers the possibility of reviewing a DVD of transferred film and then bringing it back to us for simple editing to reorder the reels if they are out of chronological order. This service may be subject to charge or not depending on the scope of the project.

To facilitate this process, we can add a visible time-code to the video to enable people to note the position at which edits should occur. This principle is possible for any project. We may record to DVD, add a time-code and then effect complex edits based on customer recommendations or requirements. We may supply recorded material to customers either on DVD or on You Tube, with or without time-code.

Particularly useful if you don’t know the content of your films before recording to digital.

Editing based on a theme

Editing can be based on a theme such as holidays or particular people, so that the challenge is to bring together moments which connect, are similar and related. Say all our holidays or Aunt Betty. Hand in hand with retaining the best clips is the choice of removing others and so making choices about what is good and what is not, based on some explicit or implicit criterion.

The most recognizable of themes are perhaps edits based on events such as a wedding or other family event, an outing, a holiday, a bikers meeting, a jamboree, fête, school, professional or amateur play. Here reduction editing is about taking generally long events down to something more manageable, highlights, a teaser or summary.

Editing material from the Internet

We were delighted to work for the French John Fogarty fan club to create a series of DVDs for personal use. Each DVD contained around 30 numbers from John Fogarty all of which were recorded from You Tube, inserted onto a time-line, image corrected and edited together. We can record material from any Internet site for use in your private edits such as music from Deezer or Mixcloud. If there is an audio track that you like, we can include it in your edit. Of course if you have the original CD, vinyl or tape, we can capture that too to include in your video.

These are examples of what we call composition edits where we edit together material from diverse sources.

Multi-source Editing

We can edit sources in both SD (720 x 576) and HD up to 1920 x 1068. It is not necessary for us to have filmed the material ourselves to edit your video. You can provide your video source to us in any format on any media. This may be of particular interest for those who films events who may wish to film the event themselves with several cameras, we can then take on just the editing according to customer criteria on multiple tracks, from multiple sources, varying formats, with or without voice commentary or added music.

You Film We Edit

The advantage here is to save expenditure on a cameraman for your private event. Indeed, you can ask your friends to film your wedding for instance and then we do the editing. We call this 3rd party editing since the material is filmed by you, but has the advantage that if several people film the same moment, you may benefit from either a better shot or multiple good shots from different angles that can be cut together.

Extraction from a DVD for editing

It is possible even to edit material that has already been recorded to DVD. We simply extract and decompress it, edit and re-burn to DVD. This makes it possible to extract one or more sections from a DVD, retain them for editing and author them out to a new DVD. Your video should be of the same visual quality as it originally was on the DVD.

Adding voice commentary

You may wish to comment your film edits, either because there was no original sound, as per Super 8 or simply to add an additional dimension to your edit. We can do this for you, either by recording your voice and editing in at the appropriate moments or ourselves according to a script.

Adding voice commentary is a nice way of adding colour and meaning to your video and can enhance simply visual titles. Of course, you can also add titles to describe events, state the year of an event or the people present as a reminder, for posterity or simply for information or fun.

Film Editing

Editing may be more complex depending on the theme or objective. For instance, we created a semi-documentary film edit of one hour based on 22 hours of material, filmed on 4 different types of camera over the space of 2 years discussing the changes in the countryside.

The subject was really centered around the person who brought us in, to follow his activities such as digging a well but also to talk about changes in the countryside, how life has changed. All unscripted, filmed on the hoof, without rehearsal, real time. Events took place and we just captured what went on. However only later did we realize that there was a message buried in all the dialog and so the challenge was to select and retain the important material and make a coherent subject. Not easy on zero budget.

Editing for Art

Without going into the detail of all the types of edit there are you could also distinguish artistic editing which is quite different again, has a specific objective, is quite probably scripted, prepared and seeks to film footage deliberately as part of a production.

Editing film from live events

Live spectacles are interesting to edit because of the real time nature, whether theatre, dance or music since errors occur either on stage or in the filming. The editor is required to make choices to maintain flow.

Length Reduction Editing

Anti-tedium editing is about time-slicing to reduce the length of scenes, while keeping the essence of the mood, focusing on people, while trying to keep everyone in, reducing the boredom factor, without slash and burn.

For instance, if it’s a holiday film, keeping each place visited, but reducing the time spent there: the shot of the church only needs 7 seconds, not 3 minutes. In a wedding film, similarly, we need to see the married couple but we might keep just some of a long walk to the town hall, just so that people understand what is going on.

These montages are about making something new out of something old. The input footage is not planned perfect shots; it is generally a mix of all sorts of shots. The idea is to retain only what is good or essential. These edits are about taking souvenirs and making souvenir edits.

Editing to accentuate the Highlights

Highlights editing is a variant of anti-tedium editing. The idea is to mark all the events of interest and cut everything to say 7 seconds. This means that everything decent is retained but just as a highlight. This can be difficult if the scene goes on, but involved hard choices. It creates a certain style of edit and can be useful when either there is relative liberty to cut and or when the subject has little meaning for the editor. The viewer gets a flavour of all events. The pieces still have to be joined and possibly ordered in order to create something reasonably aesthetic.

Photo slideshows

Photo slideshows are generally about retrospectives about happier occasions. People may focus on years, periods, holidays. We generally display a photo for between 4 and 6 seconds and include anything from paper photos, slides, reverse negatives, screen prints, digitized film up to HD film from phones. Any source is possible. Here once again the criteria are the final length objective of the edit and the amount of material available.

End of Life photomontage

Sometimes our edits are about sad events even death. We have done one or two retrospective and photo montages for funerals. While not necessarily sophisticated, for the people concerned they certainly have an effect when played at a funeral or memorial service.

Generally composed of photos and film from the life of the deceased, friends and family they may well be cobbled together in hurried circumstances because of the difficulty for the families doing that kind of work in between death and funeral. So they might be quite simple but just enough to remind people of favourite photos and music. It doesn’t take much to evoke emotion in such circumstances.

Subtitling

We add subtitles to video as well, often for business customers but it is possible to add subtitles to any video as long as transcription is possible and therefore that audio is audible.

Subtitles can be in original language (generally French) or translated into any language (for us English) and then re-pasted back into the video or retained simply as a SRT subtitle file to play with an appropriate viewer such as VLC.